English Writing

Tuesday, November 22, 2005

How to prepare for a Safe Self-Service Traveling? (corrected version)

Have you ever dreamed of self-service traveling in other countries? This kind of traveling does not make you deal with anyone’s idiosyncrasies, no need to waste your precious time on what you are not interested in. You should arrange your own trip and see things in the places you are visiting at your own pace. Self-service traveling is always charming because from the trip, you can learn different people and see how varied the world is and yet how similar all of us people really are. How does one prepare a safe and pleasure self-service traveling? Let’s look at the importance of planning, preparation and safety consideration.

Firstly, you should determine the amount of time you can devote to your trip, the expense you can afforded, only then arrange the route and schedule accordingly. You will need to search for some information for your trip and have some knowledge of the geography and present condition of the countries you intend to visit. Therefore, it is necessary to read what other people have written of the places which are to be visited before starting your trip. You should become acquainted with their history, ways of dressing, scenery spot, civil and political institution, so you will not offend people there during travels. To get this kind of message, you can surf relevant websites or read traveling guide-book which can be available from any bookstores. Once you have a rough idea about the countries you will visit, choose an appropriate time period which is most suitable for your trip. For example, check the condition of local weather, temperature, relevant festival, your own physical condition, and decide on a departure date.

Once you have decided the spot you will visit, the next thing you have must do is to book your flight ticket. You may check travel agent for discount flight ticket to save some money on ticket fares. Sometimes, buying flight ticket from travel agent may be cheaper than from an airliner. You can also check with a travel agent for a package vacation and you pre-arrange the activities you are interested in. In addition to ordering your flight ticket, you should also make hotel reservation in advance. You should determine which hotel you want to stay in before leaving or before arrival in order to avoid chaos. Sometimes, booking a hotel room through a travel agent may probably be cheaper then making by your own reservation. Some hotels offer discounts for off season travel such as November or January. Therefore, you should compare hotel rates and decide the best way to make you reservations. When comparing hotel rates, you must consider their location because sometimes hotel rates might be less expensive but their location might be far from the center of town. It might inconvenience you to stay away from the center of town unless you plan to rent a car. In addition, you should also check the factor in the entire cost of the hotel rates in advance, such as what is included with the room like breakfast, Internet access, and parking.

After arranging accommodation, you can start to prepare the necessary article packing such as the type currency you want to use, passport, a map, guide-book, camera and film, wearing clothes, medicine (it is, by the way, a good idea to keep all medications in their original containers so you will save time in case you are questioned by customs officials). Carry all valuables such as tickets, money, and passport in close-body belts. It is wise to just keep what you might need for the day out of the belt. Pack your carry-on with camera, map, guide-book, medicine; and pack all wearing and less valuable things in luggage and lock it. Avoid overloading yourself with unnecessary articles, and be sure to take only what is absolutely necessary, as rates are very high for extra baggage in some countries.

As far as clothes are concerned, choose simple and comfortable clothing according to the weather and temperature of the countries you plan to visit. If your travel route includes an ocean voyage, it will be necessary to prepare for all kinds of weather. Warm and thick clothing is indispensable, even in the summer time. In addition to hoods, shawls and other warm wraps to guard against cold winds, a waterproof dark color coat is also invaluable. A hat is needed for protecting your face from sunburn. Thick walking boots and a light pair of shoes are also necessary. Remember to take pill one hour in advance if you are afraid of sea-sickness, as this could be most serious annoyance during your voyage.

When flying, drink at least eight ounces of water every hour. If the countries you visit have a bad reputation regarding public security, you must pay more attention to your own safety. Basically, the most common places people visited are sometimes the most dangerous place to be robbed. Therefore, pay attention when you are at bus and train stations, airports and crowded streets. Walk with a purpose; do not look like you are sightseeing or you are lost. Be aware of who is around you, and keep plenty of small change on hand, for you might find it of great use. .

If you rent a car, be sure it is fully equipped with safety devices such as seat belts, and air bags. When you are in hotel room, keep the keys in one place so you know where to grab them quickly in case of an emergency. Count the doors between your room and the EXIT because you might need to know how far and where the EXIT is in case there is an emergency. When not in the room, hang a DO NOT DISTRURB sign on the door; this make trouble makers think that your room is occupied. Doors should always be locked on leaving the room. After you have done all of this, then you can enjoy your trip.

As long as you have well prepared in advance, you can have a wonderful experience on self-service traveling. You can enjoy the life in the countries you visit, you can explore the place you dream of, and see different people and know how varied people’s attitude, toward life are. You may probably appreciate local custom; and you may be fascinated with local culture. When you get to know other people, you may probably also get to know yourself better; you may, therefore, cherish more that you have. Finally, after come back home, you can tell cool stories to your friends. You will also have a good memory in your life every time when you review the pictures that you have shot there.

Sunday, October 23, 2005

Timed writing "Many people visit museums when they travel to new places. Why do you think people visit museums?

Timed writing "parents are the best teachers "

I totally agree that parents are the best teachers to their child. Child is innocent; s/he learned everything from parents who are the most intimate person to her/him. Take my nephew for example, he spoke what his parents taught him, he imitated every word, every action from his parents during the period of his growing up, because to him the most reliable person is parents. I believe that parents are the most important roles who influent a child’s thinking, personality development and attitude to future life.

First of all, child is as pure as a white paper s/he has nothing in his mind at the beginning of life. S/he learned what parents taught and act, just like a sponge; s/he absorbs everything s/he heard and seen and kept them all in conscious or subconscious during growing up. That’s why we can see some children are so similar to their parents, just like products from the same tool mould.

Another reason why parents are the best teachers is that a child needs guidance and instruction before they can independent thinking. At the beginning of life, parents are the most imitate person to a child and they play a very important role to a child’s world, therefore, parent’s teaching and instruction has become a very important factor to the child’s development because s/he totally trust on parents and take it serious on what they said.

To sum up, a child’s personality is almost forming under parent’s influence. Parents affect children’s thinking, behavior, attitude to life. Therefore, as parents, one must carefully examine one’s talking, behavior, manner in order not to leave a bad example to child. If everyone pay attention on the development of a child’s personality, thinking, attitude, I believe, every child would grow up happily and healthily under parent’s asylum and will lead to a wonderful future life.

OWL University of Florida

OWL University of Florida

Monday, October 10, 2005

寫作】英文作文活用之52句型

I. 用於文章主題句

1.不用說¸…
It goes without saying that子句
= (It is) needless to say (that)子句
= It is obvious that子句

= Obviously, S. + V.

例︰不用說早睡早起是值得的。
It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours.

2.…是不可能的; 無法…
There is no Ving
= There is no way of Ving.
= There is no possibility of Ving.
= It is impossible to V.
= It is out of the question to V.
= No one can V.
= We cannot V.

例︰不可否認的¸成功的事業關鍵在於健康的身心。
There is not denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind.

3.我深信…
I am greatly convinced (that)子句
= I am greatly assured (that)子句

例︰我深信預防是於治療。
I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure.

4.在各種…之中¸…
Among various kinds of …, …
= Of all the …, …

例︰在各種運動中¸我尤其喜歡慢跑。
Among various kinds of sports, I like jogging in particular.

5.…是很容易證明的。
It can be easily proved (that)子句

例︰時間最珍貴是很容易證明的。
It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time.

6.…無論如何強調都不為過
… cannot be overemphasized

例︰交通安全的重要性無論如何強調都不為過。
The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.

7.就我的看法¸…;我認為…
In my opinion, …
= To my mind, ….
= As far as I am concerned, …
= I am of the opinion that子句

例︰就我的看法¸打電動玩具既花費時間也有害健康。
In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but is also harmful to health.

8.(A) 每個人都知道…
Everyone knows (that)子句
(B) 就我所知¸…
As far as my knowledge is concerned, …

例︰就我所知¸下列方法對我幫助很大。
As far as my knowledge is concerned, the following ways are of great help to me.

9.毫無疑問地¸…
There is no doubt (that)子句

例︰毫無疑問地¸近視在我國的年輕人中是一個嚴重的問題。
There is no doubt that near-sightedness is a serious problem among the youth of our country.

10. 根據我個人經驗¸…
According to my personal experience, …
= Based on my personal experience, …

例︰根據我個人經驗¸微笑已帶給我許多好處。
According to my personal experience, smile has done me a lot of good.

11. 在我認識的人當中¸也許沒有一個人比…更值得我尊敬。
Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than …

例︰在我認識的人當中¸也許沒有一個人比我的英文老師張老師更值得我尊敬。
Of all the people I know, perhaps non deserves my respect more than Miss Chang, my English teacher.

12. 在我的求學過程中¸我忘不了…
In the course of my schooling. I will never forget …

例︰在我的求學過程中¸我忘不了學習英文所遭到的大困難。
In the course of my schooling. I will never forget the great difficulty I encountered in learning English.

13. (A) 隨著人口的增加¸… With the increase/growth of the population, …
(B) 隨著科技的進步, … With the advance of science and technology, …

例︰隨著臺灣經濟的快速發展¸許多社會問題產生了。
With the rapid development of Taiwan's economy, a lot of social problems have come to pass.

14. (A) 在這資訊的年代¸…扮演重要的角色。
In the age of information and communication, … plays an important role.
(B) 在今日工業社會中¸…是生命不可或缺的。
In today's industrial society, … is indispensable to life.
例︰在這資訊的年代¸電腦扮演非常重要的角色。
In this age of information and communication, the computer plays an extremely
important role.

15. 在討論…¸一個人不得不承認…。
In dealing with …, one cannot but admit (that)子句

例︰在討論未來的職業¸一個人不得不承認儘早決定未來的職業很重要。
In dealing with one's future career, one cannot but admit that it is very important to decide one's future career as early as possible.

16. 世上沒有什麼比…更令我高興。
Nothing in the world can delight me so much as …

例︰世上沒有什麼比到速食店吃漢堡更令我高興。
Nothing in the world can delight me so much as having hamburgers in fast-food restaurants.

17. … 是必要的 It is necessary that S (should) V
… 是重要的 It is important/essential that S (should) V
… 是適當的 It is proper that S (should) V
… 是緊急的 It is urgent that S (should) V

例︰我們當保持公共場所清潔是應當的。
It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean.

18. 每當我聽到…¸我就忍不住感到興奮。Whenever I hear …, I cannot but feel excited.
每當我做…¸ 我就忍不住感到悲傷。 Whenever I do …, I cannot but feel sad.
每當我想到…¸我就忍不住感到緊張。Whenever I think of …, I cannot but feel nervous.
每當我遭遇…¸我就忍不住感到害怕。Whenever I meet with …, I cannot but feel
frightened.
每當我看到… 我就忍不住感到驚訝。Whenever I see …, I cannot but feel surprised.
例︰每當我想到我家附近那一條清澈的小溪¸我就忍不住感到悲傷。
Whenever I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot but feel sad.
= Every time I think of the clean brook near my home, I cannot help feeling sad.

19. 據說… It is said (that)子句
一般認為… It is thought (that)子句
大家都知道…It is known (that)子句
據報導… It is reported (that)子句
一般預料… It is expected (that)子句
一般估計… It is estimated (that)子句
一般相信… It is believed (that)子句

例︰一般相信閱讀增加我們的知識、擴大我們的心胸。
It is believed (that) reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind.

20. …的主要理由是…
The main reason why ….. is (that)子句

例︰青少年犯罪的主要理由是社會環境日一敗壞。
The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse.

21. 俗語說得好:「…」。
Well goes an old saying, "…"
= As an old saying goes(runs, says), "…"
= An old saying goes, "…"
= It's an old saying (that)子句

例︰俗話說得好:「誠實為上策」。
As an old saying goes, "Honesty is the best policy."

22. (A) …用下列方法… … in the following ways.
(B) …有三個主要理由。 … for three major reasons.
(C) 要…¸至少我們可做三件事。 To …, there are at least three things we can do.

例︰(A) 我用下列方法增加信心。
I increase my confidence in the following ways.

(B) 人們學外語有三個理由。
People learn a foreign language for three major reasons.
(C) 為了維護健康¸我們每天至少可做三件事。
To keep healthy, there are at least three things we can do every day.

II. 用於文章承轉句

23. 那就是(說)…;亦即…
That is to say, …
= That is, …
= Namely, …

例︰我們生活需有規律。也就是說¸早睡早起¸戒除煙酒。
We need to live a regular life. That is, we can keep good hours and refrain from smoking and drinking in the daily activities.

24. (A) 基於這個理由¸… For this reason, …
(B) 為了這個目的¸… For this purpose, …
例︰基於這個理由¸我已決定把行醫作為未來的職業。
For this reason, I have decided to take practicing medicine as my future career.

25. 我們有理由相信…
We have reasons to believe (that)子句

例︰我們有理由相信體罰應該嚴格禁止。
We have reasons to believe that corporal punishment should be strictly prohibited.

26. 事實上¸…
As a matter of fact, …
= In fact, …

例︰事實上¸健康才是最重要。
As a matter of fact, it is health that counts.

27. (A) 例如¸… For example, …
(B) 拿…做例子 Take … for example.

例︰例如¸我們盲目地提高生活水準¸卻降低生活品質。
For example, we elevate the living standards blindly, but lower the quality of life.

28. 此外¸我們不應忽視…
Besides (In addition), we should not neglect …

例︰此外¸我們不應忽視每個人都想要一個溫馨祥和的社會。
In addition, we should not neglect that everyone wants a friendly and peaceful society.

29. 相反地¸…
on the contrary, …
= by contrast, …

例︰相反地¸少數學生似乎還在鬼混。
On the contrary, a few students, it seems, are still fooling around.

30. 另一方面¸…
on the other hand, …

例︰政府應嚴格執法¸另一方面¸大眾也應該培養減少污染的好習慣。
The government should enforce laws strictly. On the other hand, the public also should develop the good habit of reducing pollution.

31. 然而¸很可惜的是…
However, it is a pity that子句

例︰然而¸很可惜的是他總是臨時抱佛腳。
However, it is a pity that he should always cram at the eleventh hour.

32. 換言之¸…
in other words, …
= to put it differently

例︰換言之¸我會盡最大的努力達成我的目標。
In other words, I will try my best to attain (gain, live up to) my goal.

33. 別人可能認為這是事實¸但我不是。我認為…
It may be true as assumed by others, but I don't. I believe that子句

例︰別人可能認為這是事實¸但我不是。我認為…
It may be true as assumed by others, but I don't. I believe that if you have strong determination and perseverance, the success will certainly come to you in the end.

34. 從此之後¸我已發現…
Ever since then, I have found that子句

例︰從此之後¸我已發現…
Ever since then, I have found smile the best way to avoid any possible conflicts in our daily lives.

35. 這樣說來¸假如...¸當然毫無疑問地…。
In this light, if…, there can surely be no doubt (that) 子句

例︰這樣說來¸假如我們能善用時間¸當然毫無疑問地我們會成功。
In this light, if we can make good use of time, there can surely be no doubt that we will get somewhere.

36. 更嚴重的是¸…。
What is more serious is (that)子句

例︰更嚴重的是¸我們不珍惜野生動物。
What is more serious is that we do not cherish the wildlife.

37. 鑒於社會的實際需要¸…。
In view of the practical need of society, ….

例︰鑒於社會的實際需要¸愈來愈多人對學英語有興趣。
In view of the practical need of society, there are more and more people interested in learning English.

III. 用於文章結論句

38. 如果能實踐這三點¸…。
If one can really put the three points into action (practice), …

例︰如果能實踐這三點¸…。
If one can really put the three points into action(practice), he will surely be able to live a healthy and happy life.

39. 做這些簡單之事¸我們一定可以…。
By doing these simple things, we surely can ….

例︰做這些簡單之事¸我們一定可以快樂出門平安回家。
By doing these simple things, we surely can go out of the door happily and come back home safe every day.

40. 如此¸我相信…。
In this way, I believe (that)子句

例︰如此¸我相信大家能夠像我一樣¸享受乘坐公車的樂趣。
In this way, I believe that all the people may be able to enjoy the bus ride like me.

41. 實踐這些¸…。
By putting them (the above) into practice, ….

例︰實踐這些¸在智育方面我一直能不斷進步。
By putting them(the above) into practice, I have been able to make constant progress in intellectual education.

42. (A) 唯有符合此三項要求¸我們才能…。
Only by living up to the three requirements, can we ….

(B) 唯有通力合作¸我們才能…。
Only with combined efforts, can we ….

例︰唯有通力合作¸我們才能期望臺灣不久有新的面貌。
Only with combined efforts, can we expect Taiwan to take a new face in due course.

43. 最後¸但並非最不重要¸…。
Last but no least, ….

例︰最後¸但並非最不重要¸教育上的缺失是助長青少年犯罪的原因。
Last but no least, the shortcoming in education is the cause contributing to juvenile delinquency.

44. 這證據顯示~的重要性在怎麼強調都不為過。
This evidence shows that the importance of ~ cannot be overemphasized.

例︰這證據顯示交通安全的重要性在怎麼強調都不為過。
This evidence shows that the importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized.

45. 由於這些理由¸我…。

For these reasons, I ….

例︰由於這些理由¸我認為在臺灣接受大學教育是明智的。
For these reasons, I think that receiving college education in Taiwan is wise.

46. 總而言之¸…。
In conclusion, …
= To sum up, …

例︰總而言之¸好國民應該遵守交通規則。
In conclusion, a good citizen should abide by traffic regulations.

47. 因此¸我們能下個結論¸那就是…。
We can, therefore, come to the conclusion (that)子句

例︰因此¸我們能下個結論¸那就是世上自由罪珍貴。
We can, therefore, come to the conclusion that nothing is so precious as freedom in the world.

48. 如果我們能做到如上所述¸毫無疑問地¸…。
If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt (that)子句

例︰如果我們能做到如上所述¸毫無疑問地¸我們就能精通英語。
If we can do as mentioned above, there can be no doubt that we can master English

49. 因此¸這就是…的原因。
Thus, this is the reason why ….

例︰因此¸這就是我重感冒的原因。
Thus, this is the reason why I caught a bad cold.

50. 所以¸我們應該瞭解…。
Therefore, we should realize (that)子句

例︰所以¸我們應該瞭解學英文不能沒有字典。
Therefore, we should realize that in learning English we cannot do without a dictionary.

51. 因此¸由上列的討論我們可以明瞭…。
We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion (that)子句

例︰因此¸由上列的討論我們可以明瞭毅力可以克服任何困難。
We, therefore, can make clear from the above discussion that perseverance can overcome any difficulty.

52.(1) 從~觀點來看¸…。 From the ~ point of view, ….
(2) 根據~的看法¸…。 According to ~ point of view, ….

例︰從政治的觀點來看¸這是一個很複雜的問題。
From the political point of view, it is a very complex problem.

英文寫作技巧:怎樣使句子多樣化

英文寫作技巧:怎樣使句子多樣化

http://www.51ielts.com 2004-7-23 來源: 中國國際廣播電臺

一篇好文章的條件很多。除了內容豐富和組織緊密之外,辭彙的運用和句子的處 理,也起著決定性作用。
句子可長可短,同一件事,可以用不同的句式表達。如果句子清一色是簡單句,文 章必定很單調乏味。如果全篇充滿了冗長的複雜句,讀起來也很費力。最好的方法是以 簡單句為基礎,配合適當的並列句和複雜句。簡單句可長可短,通常要加些附屬成分,如分詞短語、介詞短語、副詞短語、不定式動詞短語,以及節縮成分。

總之,作者可根據情況,使句子多樣化,使文章靈活多姿。例如下列五個句子的基本概念一樣,但是句式不同,內容重點也有些差別:

  (1) The goats grazed peacefully in the farm and were unaware of the
approaching of the hunter. (並列分詞構句(1)+2)

  (2) Grazing peacefully, the goats in the farm were unaware of the approaching
hunter. (現在分詞片語+簡單句)

  (3) In the farm, the goats grazed peacefully and were unaware of the approaching
hunter. (副詞片語+並列分詞構句(1)-(2) )

  (4) There were goats grazing peacefully in the farm, unaware of the approaching
hunter. (簡單句+形容語片語)

  (5) As the goats grazed peacefully in the farm, they were unaware of the
approaching hunter. (原因副詞子句+主句)

  (1)和(5)的句式最常見;如果加上其他三種互相交替,句子不是更多樣化嗎?

最後,看看這兩個句子要如何多樣化呢?

  (6) The young pilot was on his first overseas training.

  (7) He felt very uneasy.

  --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  (a) The young pilot on his first overseas training felt very uneasy.

  (b) The young pilot felt very uneasy during his first overseas training.

  (c) The young pilot's first overseas training made him feel very uneasy.

  (d) Extreme uneasiness seized the young pilot on his first overseas training.

  (e) The young pilot was on his first overseas training, feeling very uneasy.

  (f) It being his first overseas training, the young pilot felt very uneasy.

  (g) Being on his first overseas training, the young pilot felt very uneasy.

  (h) The young pilot was on his first overseas training and felt very uneasy.

  (i) The young pilot, who was on his first overseas training, felt very uneasy.

  (j) When the young pilot was on his/first overseas trainging, he felt very
uneasy.

  (k) As the young pilot was on his first overseas training, he felt very uneasy.

  (l) The young pilot was on his first overseas training, so that he felt very
uneasy.

在上述12個句子中,(a)-(g)是簡單句;(h)是並列句;(i)-(l)是複雜句。簡單句 除(b)和(g)之外,其他五樣,用的人並不多。人們最喜歡採用複雜句,尤其是(j)和(k)這兩款;接著便是並列句(h)。如果大多數人的句子只限於(b),(g), (h), (j)和(k)這五種,而其他的則棄如敝屣,不是很可惜嗎?

   增強英語語句表現力的有效方法:

  一、避免使用語意弱的“be”動詞。

  1、把句中的表語轉換為不同的修飾語。例如:

  Weak: The trees are bare. The grass is brown. The landscape seems drab.

  Revision:The brown grass and bare trees form a drab landscape. (轉換為前置定語)

  Or: The landscape, bare and brown, begged for spring green.(轉換為並列結構作後置
定語)

  2、將作表語用的形容詞或名詞變為行為動詞。例如:

  1) Weak: The team members are good players.

   Revision: The team members play well.

  2) Weak: One worker's plan is the elimination of tardiness.

   Revision: One worker's plan eliminates tardiness.

  3、在以“here”或“there”開頭的句子中,把“be”動詞後的名詞代詞變成改寫句的主語。例如:

  1) Weak: There is no opportunity for promotion.

   Revision: No opportunity for promotion exists.

  2) Weak: Here are the books you ordered.

   Revision: The books you ordered have arrived.

  二、多用語意具體的動詞,保持句意簡潔明瞭。例如:

  1、Poor: My supervisor went past my desk.

   Better: My supervisor sauntered (=walked slowly) past my desk.

  2、Poor: She is a careful shopper.

   Better: She compares prices and quality.

  三、儘量運用主動語態。例如:

  1、Weak: The organization has been supported by charity.

   Better: Charity has supported the organization.

  2、Weak: The biscuits were stacked on a plate.

   Better: Mother stacked the biscuits on a plate.

  四、防止使用語意冗長累贅的詞語。例如:

  1、Wordy: My little sister has a preference for chocolate milk.

   Improved: My little sister prefers chocolate milk.

  2、Wordy: We are in receipt of your letter and intend to follow your
recommendations.

   Improved: We have received your letter and intended to follow your
recommendation.

  3、Redundant: We had a serious crisis at school yesterday when our chemistry
laboratory caught fire.

  Improved: We had a crisis at school yesterday when our chemistry laboratory
caught fire.

  4、Redundant: My sister and I bought the same, identical dress in different
stores.

  Improved: My sister and I bought the same dress in different stores.

  五、杜絕濫用陳舊詞語或難懂的專業術語。例如:

  1、Weak: They will not agree to his proposals in any shape or form.

   Improved: They will not agree to any of his proposals.

  2、Weak: I need her financial input before I can guesstimate our expenditures
next fall.

  Improved: I need her financial figures before I can estimate our expenditures
next fall.

資料來源 : 無憂雅思網 (中國) http://www.51ielts.com/list.asp?news_class=1001



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Timed Writing : "Paparents are the best teachers"

I totally agree that parents are the best teachers to their child. Child is innocent; s/he learned everything from parents who are the most intimate person to her/him. Take my nephew for example, he spoke what his parents taught him, he imitated every word, every action from his parents during the period of his growing up, because to him the most reliable person is parents. I believe that parents are the most important roles who influent a child’s thinking, personality development and attitude to future life.

First of all, child is as pure as a white paper s/he has nothing in his mind at the beginning of life. S/he learned what parents taught and act, just like a sponge; s/he absorbs everything s/he heard and seen and kept them all in conscious or subconscious during growing up. That’s why we can see some children are so similar to their parents, just like products from the same tool mould.

Another reason why parents are the best teachers is that a child needs guidance and instruction before they can independent thinking. At the beginning of life, parents are the most imitate person to a child and they play a very important role to a child’s world, therefore, parent’s teaching and instruction has become a very important factor to the child’s development because s/he totally trust on parents and take it serious on what they said.

To sum up, a child’s personality is almost forming under parent’s influence. Parents affect children’s thinking, behavior, attitude to life. Therefore, as parents, one must carefully examine one’s talking, behavior, manner in order not to leave a bad example to child. If everyone pay attention on the development of a child’s personality, thinking, attitude, I believe, every child would grow up happily and healthily under parent’s asylum and will lead to a wonderful future life.

Essay Writing tips (英文寫作絕招)

英文寫作絕招三 發貼:靜水若深

http://www.51ielts.com 2004-12-1 來源: 【無憂雅思社區】

文章主體段落三大殺手鐧:

1) 舉實例: 思維短路,舉實例!提出一個觀點,舉實例!提出一個方案,舉實例!而且者也是我們揭示一
個觀點最好的方式,任何情況下,只要我們無法繼續文章,不管三七二十一,儘管舉例子!

In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible simulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colors, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they film him or her.更多句型:To take … as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example

2)做比較:寫完一個要點,比較與之相似的;又寫完一個要點,再比較與之相反的;世界上沒有同樣的指
紋,沒有相同的樹葉,文章亦同,只有通過比較,你才會發現二者的相同點(through comparison)和
不同點(through contrast)。下面是一些片語:

相似的比較:in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner相反的比較:on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …

3)換言之 : 沒話說了,可以換一句話再說,讓你的文章在多一些字,或者文文鄒鄒地說,是讓讀者更充分的理
解你的觀點。實際就是重複重複再重複!下面的句子實際上就三個字

I love you!I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.

或者上面我們舉過的例子:I cannot bear it.
可以用片語表達:I cannot put up with it.
因此可以這樣說:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed
up with it.
更多片語:in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply
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英文寫作絕招二


寫作的“七項基本原則”:

1) 長、短 句原則 : 老讓讀者讀長句,累死人!寫一個短小精闢的句子,卻可以起到畫龍點睛的作用。而且如
果我們把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主題:As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read.

Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.

如此可見,長短句結合,抑揚頓挫,豈不爽哉?牢記!強烈建議:在文章第一段(開頭)用一長一短,且先長後短;在文章主體部分,要先用一個短句解釋主要意思,然後在闡述幾個要點的時候採用先短後長的句群形式,定會讓主體部分妙筆生輝!文章結尾一般用一長一短就可以了。

2) 主題句原則 : 國有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否則會給人造成“群龍無首”之感!相信各位讀過
一些破爛文學,故意把主體隱藏在文章之內,結果造成我們稀裏糊塗!不知所云!所以奉勸各位一定要寫一
個主題句,放在文章的開頭(保險型)或者結尾,讓讀者一目了然,必會平安無事!特別提示:隱藏主體
句可是要冒險的!
To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主題句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

3)一、 二、 三原則 : 領導講話總是第一部分、第一點、第二點、第三點、第二部分、第一點… 如此囉嗦。可畢竟還是條理清楚。考官們看文章也必然要通過這些關鍵性的“標籤”來判定你的文章是否結構清楚,條理自然。破解方法很簡單,只要把下面任何一組的辭彙加入到你的幾個要點前就清楚了。

1)first, second, third, last(不推薦,原因:俗)
2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推薦,原因:俗)
3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推薦,原因:俗)
4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly. (不推薦,原因:俗)
5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(強烈推薦)
6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(強烈推薦)
7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(強烈推薦)
8)most important of all, moreover, finally
9)on the one hand, on the other hand(適用於兩點的情況)
10)for one thing, for another thing(適用於兩點的情況)

建議:不僅僅在寫作中注意,平時說話的時候也應該條理清楚!

4)片語優先原則: 寫作時,尤其是在考試時,如果使用片語,有兩個好處:其一、用片語會使文章增加亮點,如果老師們看到你的文章太簡單,看不到一個自己不認識的片語,必然會看你低一等。相反,如果發現亮點—精彩的片語,那麼你的文章定會得高分了。其二、關鍵時刻思維短路,只有湊字數,怎麼辦?用片語是一個辦法!

比如:I cannot bear it.可以用短語表達:I cannot put up with it.
I want it.可以用短語表達:I am looking forward to it.這樣字數明顯增加,表達也更準確。
5)多實少虛原則: 原因很簡單,寫文章還是應該寫一些實際的東西,不要空話連篇。這就要求一定要多用實
詞,少用虛詞。我這裏所說的虛詞就是指那些比較大的詞。比如我們說一個很好的時候,不應該之說nice
這樣空洞的詞,應該使用一些諸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-
hearted, hospital 之類的形象詞。

再比如:走出房間,general的詞是:walk out of the room.
但是小偷走出房間應該說:slip out of the room
小姐走出房間應該說:sail out of the room
小孩走出房間應該說:dance out of the room
老人走出房間應該說:stagger out of the room
所以多用實詞,少用虛詞,文章將會大放異彩!

6) 多變句式原則 :

1)加法(串聯)都希望寫下很長的句子,像個老外似的,可就是怕寫錯,怎麼辦,最保險的寫長句的方法就是這些,可以在任何句子之間加and, 但最好是前後的句子又先後關係或者並列關係。

比如說:I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar.
如果是二者並列的,我們可以用一個超級句式:Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.
其他的片語可以用:besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover

2)轉折(拐彎抹角): 批評某人缺點的時候,我們總習慣先拐彎抹角說說他的優點,然後轉入正題,再說缺
點,這種方式雖然陰險了點,可畢竟還比較容易讓人接受。所以呢,我們說話的時候,只要在要點之前先來
點廢話,注意二者之間用個專這次就夠了。

The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.The coat was thin, but it was warm.

更多的片語:despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding

3)因果(so, so, so)昨天在街上我看到了一個女孩,然後我主動搭訕,然後我們去咖啡廳,然後我們認識了,然後我們成為了朋友…可見,講故事的時候我們總要追求先後順序,先什麼,後什麼,所以然後這個詞就變得很常見了。其實這個詞表示的是先後或因果關係!The snow began to fall, so we went home.更多片語:then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that

4)失衡句(頭重腳輕,或者頭輕腳重: )有些人腦袋大,身體小,或者有些人腦袋小,身體大,雖然我們不希望長成這個樣子,可如果真的是這樣了,也就必然會吸引別人的注意力。文章中如果出現這樣的句子,就更會讓考官看到你的句子與眾不同。其實就是主語從句,表語從句,賓語從句的變形。

舉例:This is what I can do.Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.
同樣主語、賓語、表語可以改成如下的複雜成分:When to go, Why he goes away…

5)附加(多此一舉): 如果有了老婆,總會遇到這樣的情況,當你再講某個人的時候,她會插一句說,我昨天見過他;或者說,就是某某某,如果把老婆的話插入到我們的話裏面,那就是定語從句和同位語從句或者是插入語。

The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.
Mr Liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.

其實很簡單,同位語--要解釋的東西刪除後不影響整個句子的構成;定語從句—借用之前的關鍵字並且用其重新組成一個句子插入其中,但是whom or that 關鍵字必須要緊跟在先行詞之前。

6)排比(排山倒海句): 文學作品中最吸引人的地方莫過於此,如果非要讓你的文章更加精彩的話,那麼我希望你引用一個個的排比句,一個個得對偶句,一個個的不定式,一個個的片語,如此表達將會使文章有排山倒海之勢!

Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.

Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.

We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life.

氣勢恢宏)要想寫出如此氣勢恢宏的句子非用排比不可!

7) 挑戰極限原則 : 既然是挑戰極限,必然是比較難的,但是並非不可攀!原理:在學生的文章中,很少發現
諸如獨立主格的句子,其實也很簡單,只要花上5分鐘的時間看看就可以領會,它就是分詞的一種特殊形
式,分詞要求主語一致,而獨立主格則不然。

比如:The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.

Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.

如果您可一些出這樣的句子,不得高分才怪!
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英文寫作絕招一


開頭萬能公式:

1) 開頭萬能公式一:名人名言有人問了,“我沒有記住名言,怎麼辦?尤其是英語名言?”,很好辦:編!原理:我們看到的東西很多都是創造出來的,包括我們欣賞的文章也是,所以儘管編,但是一定要聽起來很有道理哦!而且說不定將來我們就是名人呢!對吧?

經典句型:A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” (適用於已記住的名言)
It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (適用於自編名言)
更多經典句型:As everyone knows, No one can deny that…

2) 開頭萬能公式二:數字統計原理:要想更有說服力,就應該用實際的數字來說明。原則上在議論文當中很不
應該出現虛假數字的,可是在考試的時候哪管那三七二十一,但編無妨,只要我有東西寫就萬事大吉了。所
以不妨試用下面的句型:

According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.

看起來這個數字文謅謅的,其實都是編造出來的,下面隨便幾個題目我們都可以這樣編造:

Honesty根據最近的一項統計調查顯示,大學生向老師請假的理由當中78%都是假的。
Travel by Bike根據最近的一項統計調查顯示,85%的人在近距離旅行的時候首選的交通工具是自行車。Youth根據最近的一項統計調查顯示,在某個大學,學生的課餘時間的70%都是在休閒娛樂。
Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?根據最近的一項統計調查顯示,98%的人同意每週五天工作日。

更多句型:A recent statistics shows that …

結尾萬能公式:

1) 結尾萬能公式一:如此結論說完了,畢竟要歸納一番,相信各位都有這樣的經歷,領導長篇大論,到最後終
於冒出個“總而言之”之類的話,我們馬上停止開小差,等待領導說結束語。也就是說,開頭很好,也必然
要有一個精彩的結尾,讓讀者眼前一亮,這樣,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:

Obviously(此為過渡片語), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.

如果讀者很難“顯而見之”,但說無妨,就當讀者的眼光太淺罷了!

更多過渡片語:to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus

更多句型:Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

2)結尾萬能公式二:如此建議如果說“如此結論”是結尾最沒用的廢話,那麼“如此建議”應該是最有價值的
廢話了,因為這裏雖然也是廢話,但是卻用了一個很經典的虛擬語氣的句型。拽!

Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.

這裏的虛擬語氣用得很經典,因為考官本來經常考這個句型,而如果我們自己寫出來,你說考官會怎麼想呢?

更多句型:Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.

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Journal

Wednesday, September 28, 2005

Hong Kong Virtual Language Centre writing/Marking program

Hong Kong Virtual Language Centre writing/Marking